Research Publications

Representative Scientific Publications

  1. Farwell, L.A. & Richardson, D.C. (2022). Brain fingerprinting field study on major, terrorist crimes supports the brain fingerprinting scientific standards hypothesis: classification concealed information test with P300 and P300-MERMER succeeds; comparison CIT fails. Cogn Neurodyn.  1 March 2022. DOI 10.1007/s11571-022-09795-1. Available at:  and
  2. Farwell, L.A.., Richardson, D.C., & Richardson, G.M. (2013). Brain fingerprinting field studies comparing P300-MERMER and P300 brainwave responses in the detection of concealed information. DOI 10.1007/s11571-012-9230-0, Cognitive Neurodynamics 7(4): 263-299 (PDF); Cognitive Neurodynamics website.
  3. Farwell L.A., Richardson D.C., Richardson G.M .and Furedy J.J. (2014). Brain fingerprinting classification concealed information test detects US Navy military medical information with P300. Front. Neurosci. 8:410. doi: 10.3389/fnins.2014.00410.
  4. Farwell, L. (2014). Brain Fingerprinting: Detection of Concealed Information, in Wiley Encyclopedia of Forensic Science, A. Jamieson and A.A. Moenssens, eds. Chichester: John Wiley. DOI: 10.1002/9780470061589.fsa1013. Published 16th June 2014 (PDF). Wiley Online Library.
  5. Farwell, L.A. (2012). Brain fingerprinting: a comprehensive tutorial review of detection of concealed information with event-related brain potentials, Cognitive Neurodynamics 6:115-154, DOI 10.1007/s11571-012-9192-2.
  6. Farwell, L. A. and Smith, S. S. (2001). Using Brain MERMER Testing to Detect Concealed Knowledge Despite Efforts to Conceal. Journal of Forensic Sciences 46,1: 135-143.
  7. Farwell, L.A. and Makeig, T.H. (2005), Farwell Brain Fingerprinting in the case of Harrington v. State. Open Court, X [10]:3, 7-10. Indiana State Bar Association, September 2005.
  8. Farwell, L. A. and Donchin, E. (1991). The Truth Will Out: Interrogative Polygraphy (“Lie Detection”) With Event-Related Brain Potentials. Psychophysiology, 28:531-547.
  9. Farwell, L. A. and Donchin, E. (1988). Talking Off The Top Of Your Head: A Mental Prosthesis Utilizing Event-Related Brain Potentials. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 70: 510-513.
  10. Farwell, LA, and Richardson DC (2013) Brain fingerprinting: let’s focus on the science a reply to Meijer, Ben-Shakhar, Verschuere, and Donchin, Cognitive Neurodynamics. DOI 10.1007/s11571-012-9238-5.
  11. Farwell, L.A. (2011a). Brain fingerprinting: Corrections to Rosenfeld. Scientific Review of Mental Health Practice, 8(2), 56-68.
  12. Farwell LA (2011b). Brain Fingerprinting: Comprehensive Corrections to Rosenfeld in Scientific Review of Mental Health Practice. Seattle: Excalibur Scientific Press.
  13. Farwell, L. A. and Farwell, G.W. (1995). Quantum-Mechanical Processes and Consciousness. Bulletin of the American Physical Society, 40, 2, 956-57.
  14. Farwell, L.A. (2013). Lie Detection. In Encyclopedia of Forensic Sciences, 2nd Edition. Oxford: Elsevier.
  15. Farwell, L. A., Martinerie, J. M., Bashore, T. R., Rapp, P. E., and Goddard, P.H. (1993). Optimal Digital Filters for Long Latency Event-Related Brain Potentials. Psychophysiology, 30, 3, 306-315.
  16. Rapp, P. E., Albano, A.M., Schmah, T.I., and Farwell, L. A. (1993). Filtered Noise Can Mimic Low Dimensional Chaotic Attractors. Physical Review E, 47,4, 2289-2297.
  17. Miller, G. A., Bashore, T.R., Farwell, L. A., and Donchin, E. (1987). Research in Geriatric Psychophysiology. In Annual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics. 7:1-27 In K.W. Schaie, & C. Eisdorfer, (Eds.), New York: Springer.
  18. Donchin, E., Miller, G. A., and Farwell, L. A. (1986a). The Endogenous Components of the Event-Related Potential – A Diagnostic Tool? In Advances in Brain Research, 1986. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
  19. Donchin, E., Miller, G. A., and Farwell, L. A. (1986b).The Endogenous Components of the Event-Related Potential – A Diagnostic Tool? In Progress in Brain Research, Vol. 70: Aging of the Brain and Alzheimer’s Disease, D. F. Swaab, E. Fliers, M. Mirmiran, W. A. Van Gool, and F. Van Haaren, eds. Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Legal Article In Yale Journal of Law And Technology on Admissibility of Brain Fingerprinting In Us Courts:

Dr. Larry Farwell

How Consciousness Commands Matter:

The New Scientific Revolution & the Evidence that Anything Is Possible.